Gender-based violence (GBV), is directly based upon sex differences. This gender identity, which are socially defined norms for femininity and masculinity, is the basis of gender-based violence. This type of violence is likely to be experienced by both men and women. Statistics have shown that violence is more common in women than it is for men. GBV can take many forms. Different experiences and gender inequity form the core. Global debates over a solution have intensified in this area.
GBV termination efforts are usually divided into three categories: primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention. Women who have been victims of violence in the past are covered under primary prevention. Secondary prevention works to prevent violence from happening again by helping survivors to combat GBV. The tertiary supports advocacy, long-term legal, and psychosocial needs. A comprehensive approach to addressing gender inequality and social norms is required in order to achieve the goals of these three efforts.
In every society, there are many forms of gender-based violence that women experience. Intimate partner violence, for example, is the most prevalent form of gender-based violence women who are in a relationship or have been previously. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 60% of women have suffered from sexual harassment or physical abuse. Nevertheless, 27% of women and girls have been sexually harassed or threatened by their partners. Other forms of abuse include early marriages, female genital and sexual mutilation, child sexual abuse, and early marriages. Violence is against all human rights, even those that are mandated by law.
GBV can cause health problems for girls and women who have been through or are currently going through this issue. In a case where domestic violence is involved, injuries can be fatal or even nearly fatal. Sexually abused women are at greater risk for poor reproductive health, unwanted pregnancies, sexual perception, or sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis. Women are more likely to develop a somatic disorder due to their daily fear and depression. Legal and social authorities should take active steps to support and promote gender sensitive rights and protection.